President of the Senate

Prime Minister

President of the National Assembly

 

 Samdech Chea Sim

Samdech Hun Sen

 His Royal Highness Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh

The Royal Government of Cambodia's Policies

The Royal Government of Cambodia's Policies

for the Second Term 1998 - 2003

by

Samdech Hun Sen, Prime Minister

at the second session of the plenary meeting of the National Assembly

November 23, 1998

 

1. GENERAL POLICIES:
 
 

A. Domestic Policies:

The main goal of the Royal Government is to ensure peace, stability, and national unity. In order to create a political stability conducive to the economic and social development, and the alleviation of poverty, Cambodia have to be a state of law. The development of liberal democracy and the respect of human rights must be firmly promoted.
 
 

1. Pacification:

The Royal Government adheres to national solidarity. To respect the advises of His Majesty the King, Cambodians from all walks of life and political backgrounds from every comer of the world must come together for the defense of their nation's independence, peace and prosperity.

To restore permanent peace and political stability, the Royal Government would welcome the return of the remaining Khmer Rouges. It will continue to integrate the armed forces and the people in Pailin, Sainlot, Malai, Anlong Veng, Preah Vihear, and in other areas who support the policy of pacification

The Royal Government continues to cooperate with international organizations to repatriate and resettle Cambodian refugees into the society. It would stop at any price the return of the genocidal regime and the reoccurrence of the recent past tragedies. The hard-line leaders of the outlawed Khmer Rouges would be put on trial. In the meantime, the Royal Government would reinstate some former servicemen into the Royal Armed Forces. Under the chairmanship of His Majesty the King, the November 13 statement clearly emphasized that the working group in charge of military affairs must immediately and properly implement the agreements set forth in the spirit of the November 12-13 summit. The Kingdom of Cambodia has full sovereignty. It is a unified state, not a seceded state.
 
 

2. Liberal Democratic Process and Respect of Human Rights:

The Royal Government adheres to the principle of democratic pluralism and to the respect of human rights for which it strongly believes they are fundamental to the social progress. The democratization and liberalization of all social fabrics must be rapidly addressed, because they are the essential forces of economic and social development. The Royal Government assures and protects the freedom of its citizenry as granted in the Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Social, Economic and Cultural Rights, and the Convention on the Rights of Women and Children. It strongly opposes racial hatred. The overall structure of the state run human rights institution would be upgraded.
 
 

3. Freedom of the Press and of Expression:

The Royal Government vigorously supports freedom of the'press, freedom of expression and of assembly, which freely contribute to social and political conscience. In order to seek different shade and color of opinions, public forums are encouraged to take place. At the same time, freedom and anarchy should be clearly differentiated. The Constitution provides its citizenry their freedom to be enjoyed and honored, not to be destructive and intrusive.
 
 

4. The Role of Opposition:

To mobilize the wisdom from all walks of life and background to build the nation, the Royal Government widely supports the role of opposition for constructive criticism, and for good deeds to the nation. The opposition has full legal rights to perform its political activities. They may assist Carnbodia's young democracy to be fully developed. The Royal Government and the opposition should work to promote together the national interest, social stability, and the people welfare so that Cambodia and her people may enjoy the fruits of long lasting political strength and national stability.
 
 

5. Participation of the Civil Society:

The Royal Government and the civil society shall incorporate their principle of state of law into strengthening democracy, liberty, and social law and order. Civil society shall be a key partner of the Royal Government in the development of Cambodia. The Royal Government would endorse activities of nongovernmental organizations and associations that served the Cambodian people nationwide. The Royal Government would welcome the participation of the international non-governmental organizations in the process of rehabilitation of economic development and in the promotion of democracy and human rights. Therefore, it needs to draft a law on the nongovernmenta l organizations and associations.
 
 

6. The Rule of Law:

The rule of law is the basic principle of democracy and the sustainability of the government and all institutions. It is to ensure freedom, national interest, justice, harmony, and social sustainability. The enforcement and education of law would be widely disseminated. All men are bom free and equal, but they must not be allowed to be above the law. A set of law must be applied equally to all.
 
 

7. Reforms:

Presently, administrative, judicial, military and police, and economic reforms need to be urgently addressed. Today, Cambodia's administrative machine is bloated and should gradually trimmed. It should be a neutral and sound administration capable to effectively serve the people. The rule of civil servants must be strictly applied. Capacity building program to update the knowledge and skill of the civil serv óants must be upgraded and maintained.

The provincial and municipality structure must be reviewed. The provincial administration autonomy should be seriously considered. The management of provinces, districts, communes, and villages should be properly carried out according to the law.

The judicial system and the court need to be overhauled entirely. By law, they ought to be independent, honest, and trustworthy. To achieve this, cooperation among national institutions, such as the National Assembly, the Government, the Constitutional Council, the Supreme Council of Magistracy, and the court, should be done. Salaries of judges must be adequately raised.

Cambodians, businessmen, and investors must not be victimized by corruption and abuses of pow ÿer. The Royal Government of Cambodia considers the fight against the corruption as its matter of priority.

The Royal Government should be transparent. An anti-corruption institution would be soon formed.
 
 

B. National Defense and Security:

The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF), the Military Police, and the National Police would fulfill their roles according to the law. They must be neutral, obedient, and self-restraint. They must sacrifice their lives to protect the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia. They should bravely defend the national independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity to maintain peace, security, and stability, and to enforce law and order. They must end insurgency, terrorism, and secession. They must completely e tradicate kidnapping, armed robbery, drug trafficking, artifact smuggling, money laundering, and sexual exploitation of minor children and women. They must properly enforce the law to make their homeland prosperous and safe for all, including diplomats, investors, tourists, and foreign workers.
 
 

C. Foreign Policies:

Cambodia adheres to policy of neutrality and non-alliance. It indiscriminately establishes relations with all friendly states worldwide. It conducts policies of mutual understanding, equality, respect, and non-interference in other states' internal affairs.

Cambodia would strengthen bilateral friendship and cooperation with its neighbors. Border issues with its neighbors would be resolved through negotiations and peaceful means.

Cambodia would establish bilateral and multilateral friendship with regional countries, especially with ASEAN. It wants to contribute to the building of the Southeast Asia as a region of peace, tranquility, and prosperity.

When becoming an active member of ASEAN, Cambodia would conduct itself within the principle of the agreements.

The Royal Government of Cambodia is very grateful to the international communities for their contribution, peace, democracy and prosperity in Cambodia.
 
 

II. ECONOMIC POLICY:
 
 

Cambodia would promote free market economy linked with programs to combat poverty and social justice. Economic mechanism runs its course within the rules and regulations of a free market economy.

The Royal Government would not manage the market, but it would support it. The royal Government would grant to private sector the right of self-determination on productivity, investment and expenditure.

It would improve economic management mechanism and structure to ensure efficiency and transparency to cope with corruption and vio lations of law. That is a very important factor for macro-economic stability, for boosting people's standard of living, and for encouraging foreign investment.

Priorities shall be made for physical infrastructure, electricity and human resources development which are the fundamentals for the overall development. The followings are goals to be achieved:

I. To speed the economic growth in order to improve the living standard and to create more employment. To promote economic growth through the maximum exploitation of natural resources and national products for export.

2. To ensure the stability of the Riel currency, to keep the inflation rate at bay, to prevent the loss of revenue and private saving by the Riel fluctuation.

3. To increase export of better quality agricultural and manufacturing products.

4. The Royal Government would do its best to alleviate the poverty that is the basis for economic development sustainability.

The Royal Government would continue to implement projects that are identified in the National Program of Rehabilitation and Development of Cambodia and would focus on the long-term program for the economic and social development in the first five years from 1996-2000.

Based on these fundamentals and past achievements, the Royal Government will implement the following economic strategies:

Development of Human Resources and Building of Infrastructure:

Improvement of quality of education, health services, and food security must be strongly promoted by the Royal Government.

The Royal Government will cooperate with the Chamber of Commerce and other professional institutions to set up centers for transfer of know-how.

The Royal Government will continue the rehabilitation of national infrastructure. Eventually it will privatize the mass transportation and communication, the telecommunication, and the electrical power supply.
 
 

Agriculture:

The main economic infrastructure of Cambodia is agriculture. The Royal Government would enhance the irrigation system, because agricultural activities in Cambodia are solely dependent on the weather. Consequently, it is essential to upgrade the General Direction of Irrigation to the level of Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology. In five years from 1998-2003, irrigation capacity should be increased from 16.62% to 20%.

The rubber plantation will be privatized. The Royal Government would encourage large or small-scale rubber production by the provision of credit and ownership.

The Royal Government will consolidate the fores try management to ensure its sustainability. Illegal logging shall be strictly banned.
 
 

Industries

The Royal Government encourages the development of small and large. It would focus on the strategy of producing for export rather than import substitution. The Royal Government promotes the research and exploitation of petroleum, natural gas, and other minerals that contain huge potentials for the national economy. It will develop soon hydropower in order to ensure adequate electric supply with low cost.
 
 

Trade:

The Royal Government will speed up its policy of trade liberalization. It will facilitate the free circulation of goods. It would also broaden international trade relations by linking domestic markets with foreign markets. Finally it would promote the full integration into the regional and global trade.
 
 

Tourism:

The Royal Government would promote the development of tourism, culture and eco-tourism. It w «ill stimulate private and public investments targeting at building up tourist infrastructure. It will ensure security and political stability.
 
 

Foreign Economic Policy:

The Royal Government adopts external economic policies in line with the liberalization of international trade, and the integration of the national economy into the world economy. Through this policy, Cambodia prepares itself to attract and to compete regionally and globally in the process of economic internationalization. The pressure of the integration process into the regional economy, in which Cambodia expects to join ASEAN and the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the near future, will add more burden to the national budget through the fall of tax revenue and import duties. These financial activities will no doubt change the economic structure of Cambodia but the Royal Government is optimistic and is prepared to amend its laws and practices to accommodate the economic integration.
 
 

Investment Policy:

The Royal Government promotes both domestic and external investments. Cooperation with friendly countries will be strengthened in order to attract more investments and development assistance, and to obtain trade status as most favorite nation from other developed countries and to expand into future markets.
 
 

Financial and Monetary Policies:

The Royal Government must ensure the efficiency of the execution of its financial and monetary policies. The Royal Government must give priorities to the promotion of productivity, private investment, social programs and public health care. The future ASEAN membership of Cambodia would influence to a great extent the reform of revenue collection for the national budget. National revenue through import and export taxes will be decreased and domestic tax revenue base will be broadened.
 
 

III. CULTURE, HEALTH, SOCIAL OBLIGATIONS:
 
 

The Royal Gove ±rnment initiates tough measure to restore and promote culture heritage and national civilization, to end the declination of national culture, to highlight the social ethics, and to promote the national cultural characteristic and progress.

On health matter, the Royal Government would promote health services to public and private sectors, disease prevention, mother and child care, fight against contagious diseases, and health check up and treatment in State hospitals and clinics.

On social issues, the Royal government would upgrade the standard of living of the people and to ensure the equal benefits for the people from all walks of life. It would fm-nly implement the labor law and other international conventions on labor unions in order to secure the right and privilege for theworkers, employees, and employers,. It will establish better working condition for the handicapped persons, orphans, widows, and indigent men and women.

Composition of the RGC

COMPOSITION OF THE ROYAL 
GOVERNMENT OF CAMBODIA (1998-2003)

Prime Minister

Samdech Hun Sen

Deputy Prime Minister

H.E. Sar Kheng

Deputy Prime Minister

H.E.Tol Lah

Senior Ministers :

H.E. Tea Banh

H.E. Keat Chhon

H.E. Sok An

H.E. Hor Namhong

H.E. Lu Lay Sreng

H.E. Chhim Seak Leng

H.E. Dr.Hong Sun Huot

H.E. You  Hockry

Council of Ministers:

Minister

H.E. Sok An

Secretary of State

H.E. Sum Manit

Secretary of State

H.E. Chea Sorphorn

Ministers:

Minister of Agriculture, Forests and Fisheries

H.E. Chea Song

Minister of Commerce

H.E. Cham Prasidh

Minister for Culture and Arts

H.R.H. Norodom Bopha Devi

Minister of Economy and Finance

H.E. Keat Chhon

Minister of Environment

H.E. Mok Mareth

Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

H.E. Hor Namhong

Minister of Health

H.E. Hong Sunhout

Minister of Industry, Mines and Energy

H.E. Suy Sem

Minister of Information and Press

H.E. Lu Lay Sreng

Co-Minister of Interior and Security
Co-Minister of Interior and Security

H.E. You Hockry
H.E. Sar Kheng

Minister of Justice

H.E. Ouk Vithun

Co-Minister of National Defense
Co-Minister of National Defense

H.E. Lt. Gen. Tea Banh
H.H. Sisowath Serirath

Minister of National Education, Youth and Sports

H.E. Tol Lah

Minister, Office of the Council of Ministers
Minister,Office of the Council of Ministers

H.E. Sok An
H.E. Veng Sereyvuth

Minister of Planning

H.E. Chhay Than

Minister of Posts and Telecommunications

H.E. So Khun

Minister of Public Works and Transport

H.E. Khi Taing Lim

Minister of Religions and Cult Affairs

H.E. Chea Savouen

Minister of Rural Development

H.E. Chhim Seak Leng

Minister of Social Affairs, Labour and Veterans' Affairs

H.E. It Sam Heng

Minister of Territorial Management, Urbanization and Construction

H.E. Im Chhun Lim

Minister of Tourism

H.E. Veng Sereyvuth

Minister of Water Resources

H.E. Lim Kean Hor

Minister of Women's Affairs

Lok Chumteav Mu Sochua

Ministry

 

Ministry of National Defence

Co-Minister

H.E. Tea Banh

Co-Minister

H.H. Sisowath Sirirath

Secretary of State

H.E. Chay Saing Yun

Secretary of State

H.E. Por Bunsroeu

Ministry of Interior

Co-Minister

H.E. Sar Kheng

Co-Minister

H.E. You Hockry

Secretary of State

H.E. Em Sam An

Secretary of State

H.E. Kieng Vang

Secretary of State

H.E. Prum Sokha

Secretary of State

H.E. Khau Menghean

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and  Inspection

Minister

H.E. Khun Haing

Secretary of State 

H.E. Khai Kun Heng

Secretary of State

H.E. Hong Them

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and  International Cooperation

Minister

H.E. Hor Namhong

Secretary of State

H.E. Uch Kiman

Secretary of State

H.E. Chhoeung Chamroeun

Ministry of Economy and Finance

Minister

H.E. Keat Chhon

Secretary of State 

H.E. Ouk Rabun

Secretary of State    

H.E. Kong Vibol

Ministry of Information

Minister

H.E. Lu Lay Sreng

Secretary of State   

H.E. Um Daravuth

Secretary of State

H.E. Khieu Kanharith

Ministry of Health

Minister

H.E. Hong Sun Huot

Secretary of State

H.E. Ung Phyrun

Secretary of State

H.E. Mam Bunheng

Ministry of Industry Mines and Energy 

Minister

H.E. Suy Sem

Secretary of State

H.E. Ith Praing

Secretary of State

H.E. Nhiep Bunchin

Ministry of Planning

Minister

H.E. Chhay Than

Secretary of State

H.E. Ou Orhat

Secretary of State

H.E. Lay Prahah

Ministry of Commerce

Minister

H.E Cham Prasidh

Secretary of State

H.E.Sok Siphana

Secretary of State

H.E. Khek Ravy

Ministry of Education Youth and Sports

Minister

H.E. Tol Lah

Secretary of State

H.E. Pok Than

Secretary of State

H.E. Im Sethy

Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and  Fisheries

Minister

H.E. Chhea Song

Secretary of State

H.E. Chan Tong Yves

Secretary of State

H.E. May Sam Oeun

Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts

Minister

H.R.H. Norodom Bopha Devi

Secretary of State

H.H. Sisowath Panara Sirivudh

Secretary of State

H.E. Pen Yeth

Ministry of Environment

Minister

H.E. Dr. Mok Mareth

Secretary of State

H.E. Chhan Saphan

Secretary of State

H.E. To Gary

Ministry of Rural Development

Minister

H.E. Chhim Seak Leng

Secretary of State

H.E. Ly Thuch

Secretary of State

H.E. Yim Chhay Ly

Ministry of Social Affairs Labour Vocational  Training and Youth Rehabilitation

Minister

H.E. Ith Sam Heng

Secretary of State

H.E Nim Thaut

Secretary of State

Lok Chumteav Prak Chantha

Ministry of Post and Telecommunication

Minister

H.E. So Khun

Secretary of State

H.E. Phan Phin

Secretary of State

H.E Lam Pou An

Ministry of Religions and Cults

Minister

H.E. Chea Savoeun

Secretary of State

H.E. In Visa Um

Secretary of State

H.E. Chorn Eam

Ministry of Women Affairs and Veteran

Minister

Lok Chumteav Mu Sochua

Secretary of State

Lok Chumteav Ing Kuntha Phavy

Secretary of State

Lok Chumteav You Ay

Ministry of Public Works and  Transport

Minister

H.E. Khy Taing Lim

Secretary of State

H.E. Ahmed Yahya

Secretary of State

H.E. Tram Iv Tek

Ministry of Justice

Minister

H.E. Ouk Vithun

Secretary of State

H.E. Suy Nou

Secretary of State

H.E. Ang Vong Vathana

Ministry of Tourism

Minister

H.E.Veng Sereyvuth

Secretary of State

H.E. Nuth Nindoeun

Secretary of State

H.E. Thong Khon

Ministry of Territorial Organization,  Urbanization and Construction

Minister

H.E. Im Chhun Lim

Secretary of State

H.E.Ty Yao

Secretary of State

H.E. Neou Saing Khan

Ministry of Water Resources and  Meteorology

Minister

H.E. Lim Kean Hor

Secretary of State

H.E. Y Ki Heang

Secretary of State

H.E. Ngor Pin

Secretariats under the Council of Ministers:

Secretariat of Public Service

Secretary of State

H.E. Pech Bunthin

Secretariat of Civil  Aviation

Secretary of State

H.E. Pok Sam El  

Council of Ministry 

Russie Bd 

880 631/880 632 ............................................. 880 629/880 631 ............................................. 

881 310/880 620 ............................................. 881 309/880 618 ............................................. 

880 623/880 641 ............................................. 366 471/366 494 ............................................. 

426 053/428 952 ............................................. 725 101/723 303 4 Fax: 426 106
 
 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 

Preah Norodom Bd 

211 351 ............................................. 211 051/322 893 ............................................ Tel/Fax: 217 320 
 
 

Ministry of Commerce

Preah Norodom Bd 

366873 .................................................... 015831635 ............................................... Fax: 426 396 
 
 

Ministry of Cult and Religions 

Preah Sisowath Quay 

725699................................................... 210046 ........................................................... 722699 

725099.................. ................................. 012 864 736 ................................................... Fax: 216 779
 
 

Ministry of Culture and Arts

Preah Monivong Bd 

725 749/725 746............................................. 
 
 

Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports

Preah Norodom Bd 

362 546/364 837............................................ 364 562/364 561
 
 

Ministry of External Affairs and International Cooperation

P. Sisowath Quay 

216 795/216 797 ............................................. 214 175/725 242 ............................................. 216 796/725 441 ................ 

725 561/210 963 ............................................. 215 541/214 841 ............................................. 213 247/212 442

Fax: 216 164/216 134
 
 

Ministry of Finance & Economy 

Duan Penh St 

427 799/ 426 545 ............................................ 428 635/ 724 374 ............................................ 722 746/ 723 136 ................ 

724 264/ 427 798..................................................... .... 428 682 .............................................. Fax: 428 635
 
 

Ministry of Health

N' 151 -153, Kampuchea Krom St

725 573 ............................................. 366 550/366 201
 
 

Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy

Preah Norodom Bd 

723 077/ 428 263......................................... 427 852/ 426 442................................... 428 393/017 817 661

015 919 585...................... ........................... Fax: 427 840
 
 

Ministry of Information 

Preah Monivong Bd

724 159/427 475 ............................................ Tel/Fax: 426 059 
 
 

Ministry of Interior 

Preah Norodom Bd 

720 235n2O 422 ............................................ 720 428/720 641 
 
 

Ministry of Justice 

Samdech Sothearos Bd 

360 421 ......................................................... 363 204/ 360 328 ........................................... 363 147/ 360 967 

360 329/ 360 327 ......................................... 360 325/ 214 396 ........................................... 360 326/ 364 119 
 
 

Ministry of National Defense 

Russie Bd 

428 170/428 171................................................. Fax: 218 172
 
 

Ministry of Planning

N'386, P. Monivong Bd. .... 

720 902/720 901............................................ 720 904/720 905
 
 

Ministry of Post and Telecommunications

131102 /724 311/ 724 724 ........................................... 722 823/ 724 411 ............................................ 724 711/ 722000
 
 

Ministry of Public Works and Transports

Preah Mohaksatreiyani Kossomak St.

427 607/722 014
 
 

Ministry of Social Welfare, Labor and Veteran Affairs 

Preah Norodom Bd 

725 191 .............................................................. 725 891/723 091 ............................................ 722 891/724 691 

723 592/722 991................................................. Fax: 217 322
 
 

Ministry of Tourism 

Preah Monivong Bd 

426 364/ 213 911 ................................................ 427 130/ 426 877 .............................................Tel/ Fax: 801 254

Fax: 426 107
 
 

State Secretariat for Civil Service

720 187/768 179............................................ 724 563n25 163
 
 

State Secretariat for the Relations with the National Assembly

N201 St. 

215 366 648/366 614......................................................... 366 651
 
 

State Secretariat for Rural Development

Moha Vithei Pochentong 

725 501............................................ 722 1451724 244
 
 

State Secretariat for the Environment

N'48, Preah Sihanouk Bd 

427 894 ............................................ 427 8441721 073 ............................................ 724 901/ 366 638 
 
 

State Secretariat for Women

015 912 084

 


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